National Bunraku Theater is the fourth national theater in Japan. It opened in 1984 as the theater to present Bunraku, an UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage, and other theatrical performances such as Buyo (Japanese traditional dance), Hogaku (Japanese traditional music), Minzoku Geino (folk performing arts), and Engei (traditional popular performing arts). Designed by one of Japan’s representative architects, Kisho Kurokawa, the reminder of yagura (a watch tower), which an approved theater conventionally had in front in the old times, is set up on the upper front of the building. On the first floor inside, pictures of shibai-e (scenes from kabuki plays) painted by Shoshin Hasegawa V are put up in accordance with the plays being performed. The main hall is large enough to equip 800 seats. As its name shows, this theater plays the role of promulgating Bunraku. Bunraku is the traditional puppet theatre that Japan can boasts to the world. It was originally the name of the theatre in which this puppet drama was performed, but gradually it came to be used as the name of the art itself and is today used as the official name of the puppet theatre. Bunraku consists of three parts; joruri or a narrative drama, shamisen music, and the puppets plays. These three components are performed together to create the unique world of Bunraku.