NIPPON Kichi - 日本吉

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鶴岡八幡宮 Tsurugaoka-hachimanguu Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine

Jp En

Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine is located in Kamakura City, Kanagawa Prefecture. The main deities enshrined here are Ojin Emperor, and the queen and princess goddesses.

In 1603, a separated god spirit of Iwashimizu Hachimangu Shrine in Kyoto was moved to Yuigahama in Kamakura and a new shrine was built there. In the fourth year of the Jisho period (1180), Minamoto Yoritomo came to Kamakura and moved the Hachimangu building to the present place, Kobayashi. It was when Yoritomo conquered 60 states across Japan that he had this shrine built on this hill. In the following year, he became head of government and was at the peak of his power.

Since then, Tsuruoka Hachimangu has been a symbol of Kamakura. All the rituals and events of the Kamakura government were held here. Moreover, both the Toyotomi and Tokugawa families worshiped this Hachimangu as a symbol of the samurai.

The strong, silent people who were born here in Kamakura and placed their faith in Tsuruoka Hachimangu, became the progenitors of the samurai way.
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法華堂跡 Hokkedou-ato The Ruin of Hokkedo

Jp En

The Ruin of Hokkedo is the burial tower of Yoritomo Minamotono, and is located in Nishimikado, Kamakura, in Kanagawa Prefecture.

The Hokkedo was originally a place which enshrined the protection deity of Yoritomo. In 1199, however, after Yoritomo died and was buried at this place, it was renamed in due course the Hokkedo. In the battle of Miura in 1247, the Hokkedo became the suicide ground for more than 500 people belonging to the Miura family, who had served the place since its foundation.

The hall belonging to the Hokkedo was later moved to the foot of the mountain, and the Shirahatasha stands in this location today. A memorial pagoda (kuyoto), which was built on this ruin, later became the burial tower of Yoritomo Minamotono and still is today. It is also said that the current burial tower might be renovated one day.

The Hokkedo is a memorial to Yoritomo, who is responsible for constituting the foundations of the samurai government of Japan.
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