Jogashima is a small island located near Misaki port, in Miura, Kanagawa Prefecture, at the southern edge of the Miura Peninsula.
Jogashima features rock strata that is ten million years old. The island is long and narrow from east to west (1.8km), 4 km around and covers a total area of 0.99m2. It is the biggest natural island in Kanagawa Prefecture and faces the Pacific to the south and Misaki fishing port to the north.
The island is just like a natural stratum museum; many changes in the earth's crust have led to curved, sharp and shifted strata that are exposed in different areas around the island.
There are many sightseeing spots on Jogashima, such as a tablet incised with the poetry of Kitahara Hakushu, Jogashima Park (one of the 50 major parks), narcissi (one of Japan's top 100 sites for flowers), Umiu Observation Deck, the cave entrance of Umanose, Jogashima lighthouse, Aburatsubo Gulf (one of 50 scenes), Awazaki lighthouse and Keikyu Aburatsubo Marine Park.
Jogashima is small but full of sightseeing places and with a long history, too.
Kyusui Ravine is a beauty spot located near the town of Kokonoe in Kusu County, Oita Prefecture.
The ravine is at the junction of the Kusu and Naruko rivers, which run by the head of Ida Plateau. Kyusui Ravine is a V-shaped valley and rises about 200m on either side. The valley is covered with trees such as fir, hemlock fir and maple.
Kyusui Ravine is famous as one of the most beautiful spots in Kyushu for red leaves, and also for its many waterfalls. Shindo Waterfall, in particular, was designated as one of Japan's 100 major waterfalls.
The wider area of the ravine is known as Naruko Valley and Kyusui is sometimes regarded as part of Naruko. Along with Ida Plateau, the area is included in the Aso Kuju National Park, so there are many tourists. Roads in this area tend to wind about in the so-called '13 bends', so there are usually lines of traffic during the popular visiting season.
In addition, Kyusui Ravine has Tengu Waterfall and cliffs, which make for superb views.
Nijyozan Mountain, despite its low altitude, is the most historic mountain in all of Nara Prefecture, and is located between the Ikoma Mountain range and the Katsuragi Mountain range.
If you look at it from the Osaka Prefecture side, it resembles the shape of a camel's back. The Odake (Male Mountain), which has an altitude of 517m, and the Medake (Female Mountain), with an altitude of 474m, are the two round mountain peaks which make up the Nijyozan.
At the summit of the Odake is the grave of Prince Otsu (poet and son of Emperor Temmu), who was executed on the suspicion of rebellion. Some people may know the Manyoushu (Song of Ten Thousand Leaves), which Princess Ookuno composed in memory of her younger brother. The song 'Utsusomino-Hitonaruwareya-Asuyoriwa-Nijyouzanwo-Otoutoyotowagamimu' describes the princess's feelings of pain and sadness for her brother.
The Nijyozan is currently being prepared to become a Natural Park called the Manyou-no-Mori ('forest of ten thousand leaves'). Besides mountain climbing, people can enjoy touring of historic sites, such as the cave temples dating to the Nara period and stone monuments inscribed with tanka poems from the Manyoushu.
On holidays, the Nijyozan is full of visitors who have come to enjoy a pleasant stroll.
Tonosama Shouzu is a source of water that flows without cease at the threshold of Kasugaonsenkyo, in Toyama prefecture. It is chosen as the site of Toyama's best water and is also among the top 100 best sources of water in Japan.
It is said that the water is similar to that of Ana-no-tani-no-reisui in Kamiichi. Many people living in the neighborhood often go to the spring to collect water. It is comfortable to drink and soothes the throat.
The name Tonosama Shouzu derives from the legend that the lord of Toyama clan, who only drank its waters, never suffered ill-health.
Around the spring are recreation facilities, parks and forests. Kasugasou, Garaku and Oosawano Palace are in the vicinity, and the spring is a landmark of Toyama prefecture.
Mount Bizan has an altitude of 290m and is located in Tokushima district, Tokushima prefecture. The name 'Bizan' derives from its eyebrow-like appearance.
It is a symbol for Tokushima district and it appears in many local school songs. The mountain is also famous for cherry-blossoms. The crest is known as the place where Man'yō songs were sung from by the Man'yō singer Fune no ou.
From here, there is a panoramic view of Tokushima. When the weather is fine, Awaji Island and Kii mountain range in Wakayama prefecture can also be seen. It is also famous for its night view.
Haruni Shrine and Yakushi Temple are situated at the foot of the mountain. At the summit is a nature interaction facility, a monument to the Meiji Emperor, a memorial pagoda ((Myanmar tower) to the war dead, and the Toyohiko Kagawa literary monument. The whole area is set aside as parkland and is a hidden landmark.