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造山古墳 Tsukuriyama-kofun Tsukuriyama Burial Mound

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The burial complex at Tsukuriyama Kofun consists of an enormous key-hole shaped tomb mound, the Tsukuriyama burial mound and six small to medium sized burial mounds to the west. It is the largest burial complex in Okayama Prefecture, and the 4th largest in the country with a total length of 350m, a key-hole diameter of 200m, height of 24m, and frontal length of 215m. It is designated as a National Historic Site.

The mound is estimated to have been completed toward the end of the 5th century, and judging from the size and formation of the site, it is probably the royal burial mound of a king who ruled the Kibi region during the first half of the 5th century.

The six small to medium sized mounds next to the main mound are said to be the tombs of the king's trusted vassals. Bearing in mind other enormous burial mounds nearby, such as Sakuyama Kofun (located in Soja City), Ryounomiya Kofun (located in Sanyo City), it can be well said that ancient Kibi was an enormous and powerful kingdom capable of opposing the Yamato Kingdom.
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